0017: Jivero 2, Cueva de
Ozana 30T 453627 4794705 (Datum: ETRS89. Accuracy code: M) Altitude 250m
Length 284m Depth 3m
Area position

Updated 13 February 1998; 5 December 1999; 16th September 2000; 6th May, 7th October 2001; 1st June, 12th October, 6th November 2003; 25th September 2008; 19th March 2009; 1st February, 1st October 2011; 19th September 2012; 18th April, 6th September, 20th November 2013; 7th September 2014; 12th October; 29th November 2016; 19th May, 29th August 2017; 20th September 2018

A through trip. A climb up from a pool into the bottom entrance immediately enters a superb phreatic tunnel containing the stream. A sandy gallery on the right soon closes down. The walking-size streamway continues to emerge at the twin openings of the upper entrance.

The following fauna is listed by Notenboom (AX): Echinogammarus/Gammarus, Cyclopoidea, Prosobranchia/Hydrobioidea,Proasellus ocul., Ostracoda, Pulmonata/Basommatophora, Bivalvia/ Sphaeriidae, Insecta, Oligochaeta and Nematoda.

Also Ortiz (AM) records the following crustaceans: Asellus coxalis ssp. and Gammarus berilloni Catta. The crayfish (Austropotamobius pallipes) were particularly abundant during 1999 and 2000 and care should be taken when passing pools of water. In 2008, 12 individuals (one here) were noted from 2cm to 5cm long with no more than 3 in a pool, although in February 2009 none were detected and a month later only 2 seen. A short video of the crayfish with photos was put together at Easter 2013.

In early August 2013 only Austropotamobius pallipes were seen in the cave but, 2 weeks later, signal crayfish (Pacifastacus leniusculus) were reported. Signal crayfish were also observed in Cueva del Agua in late July. The signal crayfish in Cueva del Agua were reported to the Medio Ambiente in Ramales; this was before the specimens in Jivero were seen. A visit in November 2013 noted apparently healthy Austropotamobius pallipes and no signal crayfish. In July 2016, "giant crayfish" were seen.

At Easter 1996, it was recognised that, along with the remains of an old mill in the depression between Cuevas de Jivero 2 and 3, slots in the wall of the downstream entrance to Jivero 2 indicated the use of a possible wooden-boarded dam and / or an overshoot mill wheel. There is also a wall built about 15m inside the top entrance.

At Easter 2001, a number of side passages were looked at that may not be on any survey. These need tying in with both the Spanish and British surveys.

On a trip in the summer 2012, an aven was climbed near the top entrance and surveyed back to there. This should be completed as a whole cave resurvey. Animal scratchings were seen in this area.

In August 2017, several "native crayfish" were seen and many fire salamander juveniles were spotted in a side passage near the entrance.

References: Fernández Gutiérrez et al, 1966 (survey); Kendal Caving Club and Manchester University Speleological Society, 1975 (survey and photo); Manchester University Speleological Society, 1982 (survey and photo); Cox G, 1973; Mills L D J, 1981; Mills L D J and Waltham A C, 1981 (survey); Corrin J S and Smith P, 1981; anon., 1985b (logbook); anon., 1988 (logbook); Notenboom J and Meijers I, 1985; Ortiz E, 1968; material in file; anon., 1996a (Easter logbook); anon., 1997b (logbook); anon., 1998a (Easter logbook); anon., 1999c (logbook); anon., 2000c (Summer logbook); anon., 2001a (Easter logbook); anon., 2001c (Summer logbook); anon., 2002b (summer logbook); anon., 2008e (summer logbook); Chandler, I (2009) pers. comm.; anon., 2011d (summer logbook); anon., 2012d (summer logbook); Corrin Juan, 2013a; anon., 2013b (Easter logbook); anon., 2013d (summer logbook); anon., 2013e (autumn logbook); anon., 2016c (summer logbook); anon., 2016d (autumn logbook); anon., 2017b (Easter logbook); anon., 2017c (summer logbook); anon., 2018c (summer logbook)
Entrance pictures : pre-2017 : Easter 2017
Underground picture(s): Before Easter 2011 : Easter 2011 : animal scratchings, summer 2012 : crayfish, Easter 2013 : crayfish, summer 2013 : crayfish, autumn 2013 :
summer 2014 : Easter 2017 - family trip : summer 2017 (fire salamanders) : summer 2018
Video: Easter 2010: wmv (13Mb) : mpg (107Mb) : Crayfish, Easter 2013 (YouTube) : Crayfish, summer 2013 (YouTube) : Crayfish (autumn 2013) :
video using 360o camera (YouTube, autumn 2016) : Easter 2017 - family visit (YouTube)
Detailed Survey : from 1965: low res  high res
On 1975 survey with Anderal II & III and Jivero III
Line Survey :
On area survey : 1975 Ozana area map. Not a lot of detail. low res  high res
Survex file : part resurvey and aven near top entrance (2012) (Amended magnetic declination December 2013 to align with Eur79 grid and coordinates altered to fit ETRS89 datum, April 2014.)

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